Rug Making Process
- Hand Knotted
- Hand Loom
- Hand Tufted
- Dhurries & Kilims
- Machine Made
Rug Choosing Guide
- Knots per Inch
- Silk Rugs
- Wool Rugs
- Bamboo Silk/Tencel/Viscose
- Cotton Rugs
- Jute/Sisal/Coir/Hemp/Grass Rugs
- Leather Rugs
- Rubber Floor Coverings
Rugs are also classified by pile. The pile of a rug indicates the way the fibres are finished. The pile is either trimmed or untrimmed or may sometimes be a combination of the two to create a stunning spectrum of visual and textural effects.
The types of carpets classified according to pile are:
Plush pile carpets
These are a type of cut-pile carpet. Technically, that means that the loops of yarn have been cut to form individual strands of the same lengths giving them a smooth velvety finish. Plush pile carpets are a great choice for a formal setting but will bear marks of footprints and vacuum cleaning. Being soft and cushy, they usually come in solid colours but aren’t the most durable, which is why they may be better suited to low traffic areas such as bedrooms.
In this type of pile, the yarns are cut to different lengths and laid at different angles, adding more depth to the surface of the carpet. As a result, textured plush carpets are thicker than plush pile carpets and show better resistance to footprints and tracks. Though not as velvety as plush pile carpets, they’re still soft and durable and hence highly recommended for bedrooms, living rooms and playrooms where softness is a priority along with some durability.
These carpets have a pile with shorter, tightly twisted fibres, as a result of which they display a dense, “perm”-like appearance. Available in a wide variety of colours, they hide dirt and debris between vacuummings, and stay just as they are even with minimal care. Being very durable, they are suitable for higher-traffic areas such as hallways, staircases, and areas where people might be wearing shoes.
These display long pile tufts of yarn to create an overall soft, shaggy texture and are great for low traffic areas such as bedrooms but are not recommended for areas which see high traffic daily.
In this type of texturing, the pile of the carpet is made of closed loops, rather than individual strands. Loop pile carpets aren’t soft or cushy. They are however, much more durable, since the ends of the yarns remain unexposed and hence protected from fraying. This in turn makes them safe bets for staircases, hallways, playrooms, offices, or any other high traffic area.
Berber loop carpets
These carpets are made from individual loops of varying lengths that are tufted together in random or sequenced designs. Although similar in firmness and durability to level loop carpets, they have a deeper texture and more interesting patterns than level loop carpets. Since they are durable, they are suitable for high traffic areas and busy rooms but aren’t ideal for rooms which see a lot of pet traffic such as cats as its claws can get stuck in the loops of the carpet.
High-low rugs or sculpted rugs
These combine low pile and high pile tufts into a pattern or design that is unique in itself.